Week 3 Journal 11/28/15

November 28, 2015

Kristen McIntosh

PSY104 Child and Adolescent Development (PTG1546B)

Week 3 Journal

When someone gives me parental advice based on what their grandmother did raising children, I first observe how they live their life, what their moral character is like, what level of education they have, and most importantly, how their children turned out as a result of their parental influence during developmental years. Where there is evidence to validate a proven conclusion with positive results, I consider this advice. In cases where the advice given has not had proven effective results, such as, if their children have issues in adulthood that could tie back to the way their environments were when they were developing, I do not consider their input at all. I agree that a grandmother’s advice can be helpful. However, a grandmother’s advice can be dangerous too. In recent news, a young mother of three applied her grandmother’s advice by using alcohol to soothe her teething baby’s pain. This advice landed her in jail, charged with child abuse, and her three children were removed from her care.

Psychological science is the study of the mind in all its relationships, normal and abnormal (Venes, 2005). This study is done by theory and research. It is important to have theory and research as a foundation for understanding common behaviors and actions in children and teens in order to have a useful way in which we measure behaviors and actions. We can learn much about common behaviors through research and theory, proving or disproving their common behaviors to be the result of similar reasons. It is a way to test and prove changes among children and teenagers, characterizing what caused those changes to take place.

Piaget’s theory is that people apply previous knowledge to new situations they perceive as being similar to prior situations. This process is known as applying schemes. If we realize the current situation is slightly different from what we anticipated, we modify our behavior and develop a new scheme to apply to that current situation. This is called assimilation. After assimilation occurs, children will develop a new scheme to apply to a similar situation in the future. This is called adaptation. Piaget’s theory is applicable to child and adolescent development, because it falls in line with what research and theory have proven to be most favorable for child and adolescent development, by promoting a child’s instinctive preferences to learning.

The difference between scholarly research and anecdotal evidence is that scholarly research is based on scientific methodology. Anecdotal evidence is based on one’s own personal experience, or the stated experience of another. Research involves observation, hypothesis, experimentation, and ways to support a conclusion. Scholarly research that draws valid conclusions is able to be independently verified through additional research. Anecdotal evidence generally involves the experiences of one person, and cannot be duplicated with any degree of reliability.

Scholarly research and anecdotal evidence can be used to create effective discussion posts by comparing the scholarly research and outcomes observed to our own personal experiences and their outcomes.



Beatty, S. (Producer). (2006) Endless questions [Video file]. Retrieved from the Intelecom database.

Browski, M. (2015, November 24). Week 3 – Instructor Guidance. Lecture.

Mossler, R. (2014). Child and Adolescent Development (2nd ed.). San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education.

Venes, D. (Ed.). (2005). Taber’s Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary (20th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.






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